This essay focuses on two Native feminist intellectuals, Laura Cornelius Kellogg (Wisconsin Oneida) and Gertrude Bonnin/Zitkala-Ša (Yankton Dakota). These two women may have been eligible to vote in 1920—it is unclear if they were and unknown if they did—and they participated in suffrage debates.3 In their dialogues with white women, they offered a vision of US citizenship for American Indians that could be coterminous with sovereignty for Native nations. Indeed, their primary concern was the survival of their communities, and they saw US citizenship and suffrage as useful tools in support of that goal.